The War of Attrition began when the Six Day War ended.
IAF jets began pounding terrorist concentrations in Jordan as well as Jordanian artillery, which in turn was busy shelling the Jordan Valley settlements. IAF helicopters were sent on chases after terrorist infiltrators from Jordan. Along the Suez Canal, there was daily fighting with Egyptian forces.
On March 3rd 1969, Egyptian President Gamal Abd El-Nasser announced that the ceasefire agreement with Israel was null and void. In April, the Egyptians advanced two SA-2 missile batteries to the Canal, limiting the IAF's freedom of action in the skies. The Egyptian Army adopted a new mode of warfare, that combined occasional commando raids with systematic artillery shelling and sniper fire. The IDF had to change tactics accordingly, and learn how fight a static, ongoing war.
In early July of 1969, the IAF initiated a series of air battles against Egypt's MiGs near the Suez, in the sectors codenamed 'Texas' and 'Arizona'. About 20 MiGs were shot down in these dogfights. From July 20th onwards, the IAF began a series of attacks codenamed 'Boxer', against Egypt's SAMs. The IAF carried out roughly 500 sorties against the SAMs, until - by late November - they had been crippled. For the next four months, the Egyptians did not attempt to advance any more SAMs towards the Canal. All the while, Israel's transport squadrons carried out daily flights to Ophir and Refidim airfields, carrying vital supplies to the fighters in the front lines and evacuating casualties.
In an attempt to pressure the Egyptians to stop the fighting, the IAF began attacking strategic targets deep within Egypt. Between January and April 1970, in the 'Priha' Operations, 118 sorties were carried out against radar stations, SAMs and military camps in Egypt.
On February 28th 1970 an airlift from the Soviet Union began bringing SA-3 missiles - which are especially effective against low flying planes - into Egypt. At first the missiles were deployed around Cairo. In March, the Egyptians began preparations for advancing them to the Canal, and the IAF began busying itself in an attempt to prevent just that.
On June 30th, IAF jets began another campaign against the Egyptian SAMs, when it turned out that more SA-2 and SA-3s had been advanced towards the Canal.
On July 30th the tension peaked: a large scale air brawl between IAF planes and MiGs flown by Soviet pilots, five MiGs were shot down, while the IAF suffered no losses.
On August 7th 1970, Israel and Egypt accepted the Rogers Plan, that led to a truce between the sides.
10 Israeli airmen were killed in the War of Attrition.